International Funding Challenge Discussion

In today’s global world, U.S. private foundations have become important international actors playing significant roles in social, economic, and political change in many different countries. Because of their wealth, foundations enjoy great financial independence. This independence allows them to take economic and political risks and also provides the opportunity of direct engagement with foreign societies and their policies. The reading for this group discussion, Spero’s “The Global Role of U.S. Foundations,” (attached) is selected from the Foundation Center, a leading source of information about philanthropy worldwide. The reading will provide you with a glimpse into the world of foundations and their impact at the international level.

Discuss the following topic, which also appear at the end of Spero’s introduction.

International Funding Challenge Discussion

Should foundations measure and evaluate the impact of their international programs? Why?
What could be the challenges to measuring and evaluating the impact of international programs?
What could be the accountability issues of foundations at home and abroad?
Please post your answers to the questions. You are expected to make one post and reply to the posting of at least two other students (questions and students replies are attached).

Evaluation: Your post should demonstrate your understanding of key concepts, offer a divergent viewpoint or challenge, and show skill in supporting opinions. Also, your post should be grammatically clear enough for people to understand

This assignment will require you to provide a brief intelligence assessment of likely future targeting requirements associated with cyber espionage threat campaigns targeting foreign nation-states in support of the economic interests of the People’s Republic of China (PRC).


Please read “The 13th Five-Year Plan” report attached below which details the Chinese President and General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) Xi Jinping’s vision for China’s economic development over the next five years. This document continues to be used by cyber intelligence professionals to understand what industries may be of interest to the Chinese government in order to assess how likely they are to be targeted by cyber espionage actors for theft of sensitive trade secrets that would bolster China’s economic development.

In a 2-3 page report, please write an intelligence assessment on the threat posed to US private industries by Chinese cyber espionage actors based upon the information listed in the latest Five-Year Plan report. Your assessment should, at a minimum, including the following information:

What industries is China looking to bolster economic growth in over the next five years?
What US-based industries could potentially be targeted by Chinese cyber espionage operations?
What US-based companies (list a handful) could potentially be targeted as a result of operating within a given industry? (hint: to limit the scope of your research, please focus only on the latest Fortune Top 500 –
Provide at least one (1) practical example of a known Chinese cyber espionage threat group that has previously targeted or is likely to target the industries and companies you’ve listed
Ex: APT1 targets defense contractors –
You must perform open source research on current events related to the topic of Chinese cyber espionage activity in order to provide evidence in support of your position. Please provide a list of all external sources (URLs are sufficient) on the last page of your report.

Optional: you may want to read the attached FireEye report on the topic of Chinese cyber espionage operations to better inform your intelligence assessment

Your submission should be in PDF format and written in 12 point font, single-spaced with 1 inch margins.

Identify the global societal issue you have chosen to research for your Final Paper, an argumentative essay, and explain why further research on this topic is important.
Provide a clear and concise thesis statement that includes a solution to the global societal issue (see Writing a Thesis Statement (Links to an external site.) for assistance).
Explain how this global societal issue impacts a specific population.
Locate a peer-reviewed scholarly source and provide statistical data that you found surprising on the topic.
Your initial post should be at least 250 words in length, which should include a thorough response to each prompt. You are required to provide in-text citations of applicable required reading materials and/or any other outside sources you use to support your claims. Provide full reference entries of all sources cited at the end of your response. Please use correct APA format when writing in-text citations (see In-Text Citation Helper (Links to an external site.)) and references (see Formatting Your References List (Links to an external site.)).

Discussion 2.

Write: For this discussion, you will address the following prompts:

Explain at least five differences between popular and scholarly sources used in research.
Locate and summarize one peer-reviewed, scholarly source from the University of Arizona Global Campus Library and one popular source that pertain to your Final Paper topic. In your summary of each article, comment on the following: biases, reliability, strengths, and limitations.
From the sources you summarized, list and explain at least five visual cues from the peer-reviewed, scholarly source that were not evident in the popular source.

Address the following questions with 3-4 sentences. Spelling and grammar count. Use your own words – do not use quotations. Grading Criteria – These are learning questions. Points earned by completing all components of the question and length requirements. Lower scores are earned with partial answers that do not include examples, meet length requirements or address all components of the question.

Read on Canvas.

Hartmann, Betsy. 2014. “Converging on Disaster: Climate Security and the Malthusian Anticipatory Regime for Africa.” Geopolitics 19:757–783.

Then address the following questions.

Reverend Robert Thomas Malthus – Who was he? What did he argue?
What is the principle of population?
What is meant by, the “naturalization of poverty.”
Why is high fertility seen as a social problem in the case of sub-Saharan Africa?
What is Hartmann’s main concern with what she calls the Malthusian anticipatory regime for Africa?
Which agencies are part of the population establishment?
Define coercive birth control practices.
What is the Cairo Consensus?
What is the “global crisis model?”
What are some concerns about the Gates Foundation strategy?
What is the issue with Depo-Provera?

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