PRACTICAL APPLICATION: AN IRIS BIOMETRIC SYSTEM
As an example of a biometric user authentication system, we look at an iris biometric system that was developed for use by the United Arab Emirates (UAE) at border control points [DAUG04, TIRO05, NBSP08]. The UAE relies heavily on an outside workforce, and has increasingly become a tourist attraction. Accordingly, relative to its size, the UAE has a very substantial volume of incoming visitors. On a typical day, more than 6,500 passengers enter the UAE via seven international airports, three land ports, and seven sea ports. Handling a large volume of incoming visitors in an efficient and timely manner thus poses a significant security challenge. Of particular concern to the UAE are attempts by expelled persons to re-enter the country. Traditional means of preventing reentry involve identifying individuals by name, date of birth, and other text-based data. The risk is that this information can be changed after expulsion. An individual can arrive with a different passport with a different nationality and changes to other identifying information.
To counter such attempts, the UAE decided on using a biometric identification system and identified the following requirements:
Identify a single person from a large population of people.
Rely on a biometric feature that does not change over time.
Use biometric features that can be acquired quickly.
Be easy to use.
Respond in real-time for mass transit applications.
Be safe and non-invasive.
Scale into the billions of comparisons and maintain top performance. Be affordable.
Iris recognition was chosen as the most efficient and foolproof method. No two irises are alike. There is no correlation between the iris patterns of even identical twins, or the right and left eye of an individual.
System implementation involves enrollment and identity checking. All expelled foreigners are subjected to an iris scan at one of the multiple enrollment centers. This information is merged into one central database. Iris scanners are installed at all 17 air, land, and sea ports into the UAE. An iris-recognition camera takes a black-and-white picture 5 to 24 inches from the eye, depending on the camera. The camera uses non-invasive, near-infrared illumination that is similar to a TV remote control, barely visible and considered extremely safe. The picture first is processed by software that localizes the inner and outer boundaries of the iris, and the eyelid contours, in order to extract just the iris portion. The software creates a so-called phase code for the texture of the iris, similar to a DNA sequence code. The unique features of the iris are captured by this code and can be compared against a large database of scanned irises to make a match. Over a distributed network (see Figure 3.14) the iris codes of all arriving passengers are compared in realtime exhaustively against an enrolled central database.
Figure 3.14 General Iris Scan Site Architecture for UAE System
Note this is computationally a more demanding task than verifying an identity. In this case, the iris pattern of each incoming passenger is compared against the entire database of known patterns to determine if there is a match. Given the current volume of traffic and size of the database, the daily number of iris cross-comparisons is well over 9 billion.
As with any security system, adversaries are always looking for countermeasures. UAE officials had to adopt new security methods to detect if an iris has been dilated with eye drops before scanning. Expatriates who were banned from the UAE started using eye drops in an effort to fool the governments iris recognition system when they try to re-enter the country. A new algorithm and computerized step-by-step procedure has been adopted to help officials determine if an iris is in normal condition or an eye-dilating drop has been used.
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
- Plagiarism free papers
- Timely delivery
- Any deadline
- Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
- Subject-relevant academic writer
- Adherence to paper instructions
- Ability to tackle bulk assignments
- Reasonable prices
- 24/7 Customer Support
- Get superb grades consistently
Online Academic Help With Different Subjects
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
What discipline/subjects do you deal in?
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
What if I don’t like the paper?
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
- When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
- We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.
In the event that you don’t like your paper:
- The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
- We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
- Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.
Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
What if the paper is plagiarized?
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
When will I get my paper?
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
Will anyone find out that I used your services?
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
How our Assignment Help Service Works
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
2. Pay for the order
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
3. Track the progress
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
4. Download the paper
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!