Question 1.1. – 10.10 (TCO 1-10) Answers



8) As the Ojibwa people of Grassy Narrows found out, the symptoms of methyl

mercury poisoning mimic the effects of: (Points : 5)

Alcohol abuse

Cocaine addiction


None of the above




8) Which of the following is not part of the UN Development Programme’s

Human Development Index? (Points : 5)

GNP per capita

Life expectancy

Knowledge access

Level of inequality




8) What does the HDI (Human Development Index) measure?


: 5)

The gross national

and gross domestic products

The physiological

growth rate of impoverished children

The extent of human

misery that results from poverty and environmental problems

Quality of life

indicators such as literacy, life expectancy, standard of living and

purchasing power




8) Ulrich Beck argues that the driving force behind the risk society can be

characterized by which of the following statements? (Points :


I am hungry.

I am angry.

I am lonely.

I am afraid.




8) The chapter concludes by saying that in order to construct a dialogic

rationality of risk, we need to cultivate: (Points : 5)








8) Which of the following arguments contradicts the risk society theory? (Points :


Environmental bads

are not equally distributed.

In poor countries,

“I am hungry” is a driving force of environmental concerns.

The wealthy elite

are able to better protect themselves from environmental problems.

All of the above




9) The most important feature of the carnivalesque body is:(Points : 5)

it is a source of

bathroom humor.

it is forever

interacting and exchanging with the natural world.

it is the source of

our individualism.

it is dirty,

indecent, and obscene.




9) Which of the following expresses the values and assumptions of

patriarchal ecology? (Points

: 5)

Women’s association

with reproduction and the domestic sphere places them closer to nature.

Men’s association

with production and the public sphere distances them from nature.

Women are

associated with fulfilling bodily and emotional needs, while men are

associated with rationality, civilization, government, and business.

All of the above




9) Forever interacting and exchanging with the natural world is the most

important feature of the: (Points : 5)

bathroom humor.

carnivalesque body.


dirty, indecent,

and obscene.




9) The chief philosophical contribution of the Sophists in environmental

discussions was: (Points

: 5)

the contention that

money and politics, rather than the Greek gods, moved the world of everyday


the role of

self-interest in all human affairs.

moral order is

based on nothing more than convention, in other words, morality is a con


proof that Plato

and Aristotle were wrong.



9) Who made the following statement: “In wildness is the preservation

of the world”? (Points

: 5)

Rachel Carson

Lao Tzu


Henry David Thoreau




9) “Human are part of nature and need to maintain a sense of balance

and limits in an interconnected world.” This statement best describes

which paradigm? (Points

: 5)

The dominant


The old paradigm


human-exceptionalism paradigm


ecological-social paradigm




9) Which of the following statements is TRUE? (Points : 5)

Business leaders

are the most likely opponents of the environmental movement.

Blacks often show

lower levels of concern for the environment than minority groups.

Hispanics often

show lower levels of concern for the environment than minority groups.

None of these are





9) Approximately what percent of urban land is currently under

cultivation? (Points

: 5)

Less than a tenth


Almost a fourth


About a third (33%)

Well over a half





9) Of the world’s food supply, approximately what percent is grown or

produced in urban areas? (Points : 5)

Less than a 1%

Just over a tenth


About a third (33%)

Well over a half





10) Which of the following phrases best characterizes the tragedy of the

commons? (Points

: 5)

The dialogue of


The problem of government


The tragedy of


The problem of

common ownership




10) Which of the following is meant by double politics? (Points :



organizing and top-down authority

Collective and

individual action

Conflict and


Conceptions and





10) The A-B split is: (Points

: 5)

the split between

the ideal and the material.

the split between

attitudes and behaviors.

the difference

between what people say they value and believe, and how they act.

All of the above




10) American pedestrians and bicyclists are killed at ________ times the

rate of German pedestrians and cyclists. (Points : 5)








10) What is participatory governance? (Points : 5)

Where the

government controls all actions

A shift from traditional

government where the citizens are more involved in the government

Where a government

works with other governments to create change

None of the above


1.(TCO 1) Now that

you have almost completed this course in environmental sociology, please

describe what you think an environmental sociologist does. What have you

learned about what an Environmental Sociologist does since you started this

course? (Points

: 10)



Question 2.2.(TCO 2) Give a few

examples of how capitalism has caused inequality in minority populations. (Points : 10)



Question 3.3.(TCO 3) A number of

social phenomenon discussed in this course vie as the leading cause of

environmental problems: overconsumption of products, the problem of

collective action, the Western ethos, population growth, social inequality,

and uneven development, to name a few. Which do you feel is the most

important, and why? Justify your answer sociologically, using detailed facts

and figures from the course readings and any outside sources. Compare and

contrast how these environmental problems impacts socioeconomic status and

influences goods and bads. (Points : 30)



Question 4.4.(TCO 4) Discuss the

pros and cons of using the term invironment instead of environment.

What is the difference between environment and invironment? Be sure to

provide an example of each and an example of how they connect. Compare and

contrast how this relates to consumer products and services derived from the

environment. You should focus on both human and environmental health. (Points : 30)



Question 5.5.(TCO 5) The

development of a natural conscience depends upon the sense of a realm free

from the pollution of social interests-a natural other, from which we may

gain a sense of a natural me. But is such a realm possible? Can there be a

moral realm that is truly free of social interests? Explain. Compare and

contrast how we can still keep a free market, Capitalistic system without

destroying our environment. How can we still have a free market and

Capitalism and still maintain a sustainable society? (Points : 30)



Question 6.6.(TCO 6) The public

health and environmental movements are sometimes at odds with each other. Why

is this the case? What might be done to improve the situation? How does this

relate to the role of producers and marketers in selling goods and services

in a capitalist society? Compare and contrast how this relates to green

businesses and our society’s ever increasing focus on being more sustainable. (Points : 30)



Question 7.7.(TCO 7) The author

of your textbook states that, “the principle scholarly contribution of

the book is the concept of ecological dialogue.” Briefly explain what is

meant by ecological dialogue and give an example or illustration. How can

ecological dialogue be used to solve such complex issues in Environmental

Sociology such as exploding population growth, degradation of our natural

resources, poverty, debt, and hunger? Compare and contrast these various ways

to solve these issues and future issues in Environmental Sociology. (Points : 30)



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