The American Civil war

The American Civil war

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The American civil war

Abstract

This paper aims at discussing the causes, effects, and aftermath of the American civil war that took place between 1861 to 1865. The American civil war began in 1854 when the US congress enacted the Kansas-Nebraska policy that promoted all forms of slavery. However, the opposing forces to the rule struggled earnestly in a war called the bleeding act in their quest to end this inhumane act. Additionally, there was another movement in the north, the republican party which was a political organization that created various policies to oppose the act of extending the slavery policy into the western communities. In 1857, the Dred Scott Case, a Supreme Court ruling confirmed that the slave trade was legal. However, in 1859, John Brown, one of the opposers convinced the southern communities that the legalization of the slave trade was bound to destroy the peace and harmony of their neighboring communities and that they should stand against it. The war finally ended in April 1965 when the main antagonist, General Lee surrendered to the opposition General Mr. Grant at the battle of Appomattox house. The war ended and millions of black slave prisoners were freed.

Summary of the American civil war

The practice of legalizing the slave trade was one of the turning points of the United States during the 19th century (Foster, 2018). The US was thrown into a crisis when Abraham Lincoln was elected as the US president in 1860 but on the condition of an anti-slavery platform. However, the southern territories that supported the slave trade withdrew from the main government to form their organizations with different laws and regulations supporting the slave trade. After Confederate forces seized various cities they attempted to force the main government headed by Abraham Lincoln to legalize the slave trade but they failed with their mission (Hall, Huff and Kuriwaki, 2019). This led to an outbreak of civil war in 1861 when the confederate forces engaged in a Battle of Fort Sumter in California with other territories that did not support or promote the slave trade. This happened only one month after Lincolns inauguration as the president of the United States. Allin (2019) notes that the states/territories that remained loyal to the main government were referred to as the union. However, the confederate states continued with their agenda of promoting the slave trade and they controlled at least 11 out of the 34 states (Hall, Huff and Kuriwaki, 2019). During this period, there was a fierce battle between especially in the Southern territories between the confederate states and the Union states that supported the main government.

During the war-torn period (1861-1862), Foster (2018) observes that the union made important progress. In the Eastern territories of the US, the union made sure that the war was largely reduced to a great extent and was also inconclusive. During the summer period of September 1862, the president issued a directive called the Emancipation proclamation. The main objective of this directive was to ensure that the slave trade was brought to an abrupt end (Choperena, 2021). In the western territories, the union forces destroyed the river navy that belonged to the confederate forces and also seized the territory of New Orleans. To ensure that the confederate forces were largely neutralized, the union forces seized Vicksburg, one of the main strongholds of the confederate army. This later split the Confederate forces into two groups (Allin, 2019).


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